Chinese Version of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire – Adults (CSAQ-A) ​​

CSAQ-A measures social anxiety traits from five dimensions:

F1. Speaking in public/talking with people in authority

F2. Interactions with the opposite sex

F3. Assertive expression of annoyance, disgust, or displeasure

F4. Criticism and embarrassment

F5. Interactions with strangers

Objective: To test the validity and reliability of the Chinese version of the Social Anxiety Questionnaires-Adults (CSAQ-A).

Methods: Totally 555 participants [aged 18 to 60 years, average age (29 ± 8) years old] were recruited to complete the CSAQ-A. The Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS), the Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (BFNE) and several questionnaires related to anxiety and depression were conducted to test the criterion validity. After 4 weeks,143 subjects were retested.

Results: Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the five-dimensional structure of the CSAQ-A exhibited excellent fit indices. The CSAQ-A scores showed positive correlations with the LSAS, BFNE and other measurements of anxiety and depression (ICC=0.395-0.668, Ps<0.001). The internal consistency of the scale was high (Cronbach’s alpha = 0.96), and the test-retest reliability was acceptable (0.80).

Conclusion: The Chinese version of the Social Anxiety Questionnaire-Adults has good validity and reliability and can effectively evaluate social anxiety in the Chinese adult population.


[1] 王愉茜,臧寅垠,彭玉佳. 中文版成人社交焦虑量表的信效度检验[J]. (under review)

[2] Caballo VE, Salazar IC, Irurtia MJ, et al. The multidimensional nature and multicultural validity of a new measure of social anxiety: The Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults[J]. Behav Ther. 2012;43(2):313-328. doi:

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Yujia Peng
Yujia Peng
Assistant Professor of Psychology

Yujia Peng is an assistant professor at the School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences, Peking University.